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Can a tenant refuse you access to your property?

Can a tenant refuse you access to your property?

by Diane Bukowski 0 comments

Diane Bukowski smallestDiane Bukowski looks at the protocols required to gain access to a rental property if a tenant refuses entry.  

Blogger: Diane Bukowski, managing director of eezirent 

A tenant is vacating the property and the landlord wants to conduct some inspections with applicants before the lease is ended. The tenant has reported maintenance issues with the roof of the home.

These scenarios, recently faced by two eezirent landlords, provide legal grounds for the owner to access the property. However in both cases the tenants were refusing to allow the landlord to enter the property creating very difficult situations.

So, what is the protocol for accessing your property and what can you do if the tenant refuses entry?
The rules governing access are determined by three things: a) the grounds or purpose of the visit, b) giving the required notice period in writing and c) the concept of ‘reasonableness’. 

The table below summarises the lawful grounds for entering your property and the notice periods required by each state’s legislation. Essentially, if your reason for visiting the property complies with the grounds and notice periods listed – then you passed two of the three tests for entry. Note that all notice periods can be waived if the tenant and landlord agree.

Grounds ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas Vic WA
Inspection 7d 7d 7d 7d 7-14d 24 h 7d 7-14d
Repairs & Maint. 7d 2d 7d 24h 48h 24h NS 72h
Rent collection NS NS 7d NS A NS NS A
Suspect Adandonment NS NN NN 24h NS NN 24h NS
Check breach remedy NS NS 24h 24h NS 24h NS NS
Prospective Tenant 24h R 24h 24h 24h NS 24h R
Prospective Buyer 24h R 24h 24h 24h NS 24h R
Valuation purposes NS 7d NS 7d NS NS 24h NS
Emergency R NN NS NN NS NN NS NN

d = days, h = hours, NS = Not Stated in Act, NN = No Notice Required
A = At an agreed time,  R = At a reasonable time

This brings us to the subject of ‘reasonableness’. This requirement is in keeping with the principle of quiet enjoyment and makes perfect sense. It is not unreasonable for a tenant to object to early morning or late night inspections. Nor can they be blamed for refusing access on a Sunday or Public Holiday. Issues can arise with frequency of some visits – particularly if the property is being advertised for rent or sale. Such inspections ought to be co-ordinated to have one inspection after another on pre-arranged times.

Getting back to our opening scenarios – these landlords had complied with all the necessary requirements and the tenants still refused entry. First of all, despite what tenants might believe or say, they cannot ‘refuse’ entry if all the legislative requirements are met. This means little though if the tenant is physically blocking entry.

If the tenant is displaying aggressive behaviour when you lawfully attempt to enter – remove yourself from the situation. Then contact the police to report the behaviour. This does not necessarily mean the police will escort you to the property. In fact that is unlikely to occur. But you should make the police aware of the aggressive behaviour of the tenant. This may come in handy if you take the matter to tribunal.

Each state has provisions for landlords to apply to the relevant tenancy/small claims tribunal to seek orders permitting entry. As well as seeking orders to grant access, if the tenant has behaved aggressively, you might also wish to seek an order to terminate the tenancy on the basis of the tenant’s objectionable behaviour – hence the value in reporting the aggressive behaviour to the police. Excellent advice and information can be obtained on the website for each agency.

State

Agency

Website

ACT

Civil and Administrative Tribunal 

acat.act.gov.au

NSW

Consumer Trader and Tenancy Tribunal

cttt.nsw.gov.au

NT

Commissioner of Tenancies

consumeraffairs.nt.gov.au

Qld

Qld Civil and Administrative Tribunal

qcat.qld.gov.au

SA

Residential Tenancies Tribunal

sa.gov.au

Vic

Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal

vcat.vic.gov.au

Tas

Magistrates Court of Tasmania

magistratescourt.tas.gov.au

WA

Magistrates Court

docep.wa.gov.au

 

Of course you may not wish to take the matter to tribunal. It might be best to simply wait it if the tenant is due to vacate in the not too distant future. This was the path one of our landlords took who was trying to minimise the vacancy time by showing the soon to be vacant property to a prospective tenant.

If however, the tenant is being difficult about entry and the lease has considerable time to run, then the tribunal path way might be necessary. At the very least, you should not renew the lease and make sure you issue the termination notice on time to comply with that notice period.

Do extend the privilege of renting your property to a tenant who blocks reasonable access.

About Diane Bukowski


Diane Bukowski smallDiane Bukowski is the managing director of eezirent – an online service delivering professional tools to self-managing landlords.

After many years running an award winning real estate office, Diane took up the challenge offered by her business partner to set up a service that would level the playing field for self-managing landlords. Eezirent allows these investors to access the professional tools used by real estate agents including listing on realestate.com.au and checking applicants with the National Tenancy Database.

Diane’s blogs aim to provide practical advice to the self-managing landlord.

 

Can a tenant refuse you access to your property?
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