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Dwelling values may surpass pre-COVID levels in 2021: CoreLogic

01 December 2020 Bianca Dabu
Tim Lawless

Australia’s property market continued its recovery trend through November as dwelling values rose across every capital city and rest-of-state region.

In the latest Hedonic Home Value Index, released on 1 December 2020, CoreLogic’s national index recorded a second consecutive monthly rise in November, with dwelling values up by 0.8 of a percentage point over the month. This follows a 2.1 per cent drop in Australian home values between April and September.

According to CoreLogic’s head of research, Tim Lawless, if the current growth trend persists, the property market is likely to see CoreLogic’s national home value index surpass pre-COVID levels in early 2021.

“The national home value index is still seven-tenths of a per cent below the level recorded in March, but if housing values continue to rise at the current pace, we could see a recovery from the COVID downturn as early as January or February next year,” Mr Lawless said.

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Housing values have indeed moved to new record highs in Brisbane, Adelaide, Hobart and Canberra through November.

Darwin and Canberra led the charge, achieving annual growth of 5.9 per cent and 7.0 per cent to median values of $405,857 and $672,866, respectively. Darwin and Canberra’s total returns were at 11.7 per cent and 12.1 per cent, ahead of all major capital cities.

Hobart followed closely, with an annual dwelling value increase of 5.6 per cent to $505,683 and a total return of 10.9 per cent.

However, both Sydney and Melbourne home values remained at levels similar to those seen in early 2017, with Sydney increasing by 3.7 per cent annually to $860,967 and Melbourne decreasing by -0.9 of a percentage point over the same period to $672,172. Melbourne was the only capital city that saw a decline in dwelling values over the year.

“The recovery in Melbourne, where home values remain 5 per cent below their recent peak, will take longer,” Mr Lawless noted.

Meanwhile, Perth values, albeit rising, remained similar to mid-2006 levels. Similarly, Darwin values were also in line with 2007 levels.

Overall, the stronger performance across regional areas of Australia continued in November, with CoreLogic’s combined regionals index recording a monthly growth rate double that of the combined capitals.

Regional home values were up by 1.4 per cent in November compared with a 0.7 of a percentage point rise in capital city values. Regional Queensland has led the rise in values over the past three months, posting a 3.2 per cent lift, followed by regional NSW where values are up by 3.1 per cent.

Houses v units

Comparing house and unit values, CoreLogic found that their performances have shown more divergence in recent months.

House values have driven gains in the combined capitals index over the past three months, rising by 1.1 per cent. On the other hand, while the rate of decline has eased, capital city unit values fell by -0.6 of a percentage point over the same period.

According to Mr Lawless, the trend of stronger conditions in detached housing markets is evident across most of the capital cities.

“Relative weakness in the unit market can be attributed to factors including low investment activity, higher supply levels in some regions, and weaker rental market conditions across key inner-city unit precincts.”

Melbourne’s unit market stands as an exception as its unit values record a smaller than expected decline throughout the COVID period to date and a more substantial recovery trend over recent months.

“The resilience in Melbourne unit values is surprising given the high supply levels across inner-city areas and the sharp decline in rental conditions. We suspect the stronger trend in Melbourne unit values relative to houses could be short-lived, unless overseas migration turns around sooner than expected which would help to shore up rental tenancy demand,” according to Mr Lawless.

Growth and affordability

According to CoreLogic, the most affordable quartile of the market is continuing to drive the strongest pace of recovery.

Across the combined capital city index, the lower quartile of home values rose by 1.0 per cent in November while upper quartile values were up by 0.6 of a percentage point.

The trend is more diverse across each of the capital cities, with Sydney starting to see a stronger recovery trend across the upper quartile, where values were up by 0.6 of a percentage point in November compared to the 0.3 of a percentage point lift in lower quartile values.

However, while the current value gains in the premium market are more substantial than those of the lower quartile, the upper quartile market saw significantly larger drops in home values during the COVID period, CoreLogic said. The top 25 per cent of values across Sydney remain -2.5 per cent lower than March, while values across the bottom 25 per cent are 0.3 of a percentage point higher across the same time period.

Melbourne is also seeing the upper quartile of the market start to recover, although the November growth rate (+0.7 of a percentage point) remained lower than the bottom 25 per cent of values (+0.8 of a percentage point). Melbourne’s upper quartile home values remain -7.9 per cent below March 2020, while lower quartile values are only -1.2 per cent lower.

In Brisbane, there has been little difference in growth rates between the broad value-based strata, the report noted. Upper quartile values are 1.5 per cent higher over the past three months compared with the 1.6 per cent lift seen in the lower quartile values.

In contrast, Perth and Adelaide growth rates have been skewed towards the lower quartile over the rolling quarter. Lower quartile values are up by 3.1 per cent compared with a 1.1 per cent lift across the upper quartile across Perth. In Adelaide, upper quartile values are 2.9 per cent higher over the past three months while lower quartile values are up by 3.6 per cent.

“Housing demand is rising due to the broad range of stimulus measures and changes in market sentiment,” CoreLogic said.

“Record-low interest rates are one of the primary factors supporting a lift in buyer numbers. Improving economic conditions and containment of the virus have lifted consumer spirits to higher than pre-COVID levels. State government incentives including changes to stamp duty and additional building grants are also supporting demand.”

Dwelling values may surpass pre-COVID levels in 2021: CoreLogic
Tim Lawless reb
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